The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) prohibits U.S. companies from bribing foreign officials; yet, the number of violations each year is staggering. Some violations center on the use of unethical HR practices. For example, the banking industry has been investigated for its internship and full-time employment hiring practices. The Bank of New York Mellon Corp. (BNY Mellon) gave internships to family members of foreign government officials. The bankâ€™s leadership intended to maintain or increase business with a Middle Eastern sovereign wealth fund. Internship programs are legal and BNY Mellon has a legitimate internship program, but these internships were awarded outside the accepted procedures and criteria used in its program. The U.S. SEC issued a cease-and-desist order, stating that â€œDelivering them [internships] â€˜was seen by certain relevant [bank] employees as a way to influence the officialsâ€™ decisions.â€
129 This is the first cease-and-desist order of which internship hiring was the subject. Phillip Bezanson, a Bracewell & Giuliani Law LLP (firm) partner stated that â€œthe concept of â€˜anything of valueâ€™ under the FCPA can be â€˜really abstract.â€™. . .â€
130 In the end, the bank agreed to pay a $5 million penalty, give up $8.3 million, and pay $1.5 million in interest.