The Purnell Model is a comprehensive framework for understanding and delivering culturally competent healthcare. Developed by Dr. Larry Purnell in 1997, it is a groundbreaking concept that takes into account the cultural, social, and spiritual aspects of a patient’s life. The model is designed to create a more effective and equitable healthcare system by helping healthcare professionals better understand their patients’ beliefs, values, and practices.
At the heart of the Purnell Model is the concept of cultural competency, which is defined as “the ability to interact effectively with people from different cultures while respecting their beliefs and values.” The model outlines 12 domains of cultural competency, which include communication, language, knowledge, attitudes, skills, and behaviors. These domains are further divided into four areas: cultural awareness, cultural knowledge, cultural skills, and cultural encounters.
The Purnell Model is based on the idea that cultural differences can affect the way healthcare is delivered. For example, language barriers may prevent a patient from understanding medical instructions or a physician may not be aware of a patient’s cultural beliefs, leading to inappropriate care. The model provides healthcare professionals with a framework for understanding and addressing these issues.
The Purnell Model has been widely adopted by healthcare organizations and is considered to be a cornerstone of culturally competent care. It has been used to improve healthcare delivery and patient outcomes in numerous settings, including hospitals, clinics, and other healthcare organizations.
By incorporating the concepts of the Purnell Model, healthcare professionals are better able to understand and serve their patients’ needs. This model can help create a more equitable and effective healthcare system, ultimately leading to better patient care.