Exploring the Role of Imogene King’s Theory in Informing Nursing Practice
Imogene King is a renowned theorist who has revolutionized the way nurses practice patient care. Her Theory of Goal Attainment has been widely adopted and is used to inform nursing practice all over the world. In this article, we explore the role of Imogene King’s Theory in informing nursing practice.
Imogene King’s Theory of Goal Attainment is an open systems model which was developed in the early 1960s. The theory focuses on three interacting systems: the personal system, the interpersonal system, and the social system. All three of these systems are in a state of constant change and interaction. The personal system includes the individual’s inner thoughts and feelings, while the interpersonal system consists of the relationships and interactions between the individual and others. The social system includes the environment and the larger society.
The theory emphasizes the importance of communication and collaboration between the nurse and the patient. It highlights the need for nurses to understand the patient’s individual needs, values, and preferences, and then to work together to set shared goals. The nurse must then use a variety of strategies to help the patient achieve these goals.
One of the key principles of Imogene King’s Theory is that of “empowerment.” This concept emphasizes the importance of the nurse enabling the patient to make decisions and take action in their own care. It also emphasizes the importance of providing support and education to the patient.
The theory also emphasizes the importance of assessing the patient’s current physical, emotional, and social status, and then using this information to plan and implement interventions. The nurse must consider the patient’s environment and the impact that it has on their well-being.
Imogene King’s Theory of Goal Attainment has had a profound impact on nursing practice. The model has been widely adopted and is used to inform nursing practice all over the world. It emphasizes the importance of communication and collaboration, as well as the need to empower the patient and assess their environment. The Theory of Goal Attainment is an invaluable tool for nurses, and it has revolutionized the way they practice patient care.